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Pre-Diabetes: What It Is And What To Do

Most physicians, myself included, jot a personal comment on a patient’s lab tests. My favorite is “Everything’s excellent!” which can be typed quickly and concentrates good news into two words that I hope trigger a smile.

According to this New York Times article, doctors are writing the sentence “Your tests show you’re now in the range of pre-diabetes” more often than ever. “Pre-diabetes” means that while you’re not currently a diabetic, you have a higher risk of developing it than other people. The population with pre-diabetes is enormous: more than 70 million people translates to one in three Americans. 60% of people over age 40. Big numbers.

Pre-diabetes is diagnosed from an elevated blood sugar test or an elevated non-fasting hemoglobin A1C (A1C). The second of these, which measures your average blood sugar over the previous three months, is the superior test. It was decidedly annoying that until recently health insurance companies were reluctant to include this test as part of a general wellness exam. However, now it’s pretty routine and usually ordered after a patient shows some evidence of consistently elevated blood sugar levels.

If you hear you’re pre-diabetic, plan to make some changes
If you ignore a warning of pre-diabetes, it’s like putting your phone in silent mode while your neighbors are trying to tell you your house is on fire. If you do develop diabetes (15 to 30% of pre-diabetics do within five years), you’ll likely spend a lot of your future in healthcare-related waiting areas, including your primary care physician’s office and your pharmacy, and probably one or more of the following: cardiologist, kidney specialist, ophthalmologist, endocrinologist, vascular surgeon, and podiatrist.

You’ll take lots of pills, be checking your blood sugar regularly, and be depressed with the high premiums for life insurance because (sorry) the odds are against you for a healthy longevity.

Believe me, you’ve got better things to do with your life than be a diabetic.

Take the new online questionnaire for pre-diabetes right now. Strangely, it has come under criticism because so many people come up positive for pre-diabetes.

What good is a screening test, wondered one expert in the field, when 70-80% of the responders turn out to be pre-diabetic? His remark finally gives me the opportunity to use the phrase “That sort of begs the question.” I have been waiting years for this.

Look, if a screening test is designed to screen for an illness, the fact that it has uncovered a lot of pre-diabetics doesn’t mean the test is faulty. It signals that we’re paying the price for being overweight couch potatoes eating terribly unhealthy food. Where’s the surprise? We now know a lot of us are at risk for a chronic illness and we can start doing something about it. It begs the question to complain about the results.

Did your test come up positive for pre-diabetes?
Here’s an important point: As we age, the pancreas produces less insulin, blood sugar creeps up, and pre-diabetes becomes more likely. Take steps to reduce your risk by eating a healthful diet of whole (not processed) foods and keeping as active as possible in order to maintain a healthy weight and keep your blood pressure under control.

However, pre-diabetes at any age should be taken seriously.

Also in the New York Times piece, a doctor remarked about his own sense of helplessness once a patient was diagnosed as pre-diabetic. All he could do, he said, was to tell the patient to eat more healthfully, lose weight, and exercise, and he thought everyone should do that anyway.

Things are different at WholeHealth Chicago
We don’t have a sense of helplessness. A diagnosis of pre-diabetes means we all (patient and staff) get to work.

It does help that WHC patients are seriously oriented toward overall wellness and seem to grasp that eating healthfully and exercising regularly are fundamental to that end. We don’t diagnose pre-diabetes as frequently as other health care centers, but if you turn out to be pre-diabetic or are simply overweight and want to do something about it, our nutritionists Marla Feingold and Olivia Wagner can help get you on the right track by showing you how to make smart food choices. We’ll also outline a good exercise program and ask about the status of your health club membership and whether your elliptical mainly serves as a clothes rack.

Let me add that the diabetic patients in our practice take really good care of themselves. They’re well informed, have selected a good array of specialists, and mostly do the right things. I’ve known some of my diabetic patients for decades. We’re all growing old together, which is the way it should be.

So again, please take the online test (less than 60 seconds to complete). Also check the main website for helpful information on reducing/reversing your risk.

If you’re at risk, ask your doctor for a hemoglobin A1C test. If the results confirm that you’re pre-diabetic, get to work on yourself. And remember: a chronic illness like diabetes not only shortens your life, it’s also very tedious.

Be well,
David Edelberg, MD

Leave a Comment

  1. Evelyn Haungs says:

    I am so sad that I don’t live near your clinic. I told my doctors I thought I was prediabetic. The took my sugar NOT THE A1C. Proclaimed I was not and carried on. Now I am diabetic and struggling. What can I do since Metforman and metforman dream give me irritable bowel.

    • Dr. R says:

      Hi Evelyn. Find a functional medicine doctor in your area. The Institute for Functional Medicine has a website with a “find a doctor” tab. Good luck.

  2. Sam says:

    Thank you for providing the link. While not intended to be comprehensive, this questionnaire seems to have been designed by grammar school children. Surely, there has to be a better one than the one linked.
    I have tried it multiple ways and it ALWAYS comes up high risk regardless of input variables skewed for a favorable result. (White, male, 50+ who exercises with no family history, no high blood pressure is STILL “high-risk”.) The A1C test seems to be the only true measure.

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Far and away, the commonest phone call/e mail I receive asks about COVID-19 diagnosis.
Just print this out, tape it on your refrigerator door, and stay calm.


• Runny nose
• Sneezing
• Red, swollen eyes
• Itchy eyes and nose
• Tickly throat
• No fever

• Runny nose
• Sneezing
• Sore throat
• Mild muscle aches
• Mild dry cough
• Rarely a low fever

• Painful sore throat
• Hurts to swallow
• Swollen glands in neck
• Fever

FLU (Standard seasonal flu)
• Fever
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• Sudden onset over few hours
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• Sore throat
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• Muscle aches, sometimes quite severe
• Rarely, diarrhea

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• Mild muscle aches
• Mild fatigue
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